Progress of UN for Goal 7

  • Qiciao and Qixi, a pair of giant panda twins, inspect a flag to represent Goal 7, Affordable and Clean Energy, raised at the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding in China, to support the UN Global Goals for Sustainable Development.


    From 2000 to 2016, the number accessed to electricity increased from 78% to 87%, with the absolute number of people living without electricity dropped to just below 1 billion.

  • In the least developed countries, the people accessed to electricity more than doubled between 2000 and 2016.
  • The share of renewables in final energy consumption increased modestly, from 17.3% in 2014 to 17.5% in 2015. Yet only 55% of the renewable share was derived from modern forms of renewable energy.
  • Global energy intensity decreased by 2.8 per cent from 2014 to 2015, double the rate of improvement seen between 1990 and 2010.
  • Globally, 85.3% of the population had access to electricity in 2014, an increase of only 0.3 percentage points since 2012. That means that 1.06 billion people, some of the farmers still function without electricity. Half of those people live in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking climbed to 57.4% in 2014, up slightly from 56.5% in 2012. More than 3 billion people, the majority of them in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, are still cooking without clean fuels and more efficient technologies.
  • The share of renewable energy in final energy consumption grew modestly from 2012 to 2014, from 17.9% to 18.3%. Most of the increase was from renewable electricity from water, solar and wind power. Solar and wind power still make up a relatively minor share of energy consumption, despite their rapid growth in recent years. The challenge is to increase the share of renewable energy in the heat and transport sectors, which together account for 80% of global energy consumption.

  • From 2012 to 2014, three quarters of the world’s 20 largest energy-consuming countries had reduced their energy intensity — the ratio of energy used per unit of GDP. The reduction was driven mainly by greater efficiencies in the industry and transport sectors. However, that progress is still not sufficient to meet the target of doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.